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TECHNICAL BULLETIN: FAIRCHILD 660, 670
FAIRCHILD RECORDING EQUIPMENT CORPORATION
FAIRCHILD LIMITING AMPLIFIERS
If you examine any monophonic or stereo record or tape available today, from any major labels throughout the world, it undoubtedly uses a FAIRCHILD limiter in its production somewhere along the line. More and more companies throughout the world specify and use the FAIRCHILD limiters, Model 660 or 670 for the following reasons:
1. Complete absence of audible thumps normally associated with other
limiter designs and a complete absence of distortion or noise normally
associated with conventional limiters.
The FAIRCHILD limiter is available in two versions - the monophonic single channel unit, the Model 660, and the unique stereo version, the Model 670. The following basic design points apply to both.
The basic design uses a singl push-pull stage of amplification with an extremely high control voltage. The result: the unit never produces any audible or observable thumps and, unlike other conventionally-designed limiters, the unit has extremely low distortion and noise under all conditions, either as a limiter or a straight through amplifier.
The attack time is very fast - 50 microseconds (1/5000 of a second) - and catches short transients that can, in other limiters, negate the limiting effect. The release time of 3. to 25 seconds provides real flexibility. Three positions (six are available) make the release time a function of program material, fast recovery of program level should the program level remain high.
Ample and accessible input controls, threshold controls, attack and release time and metering controls. The unit can be used as a limiter or compressor, depending upon personal taste and program material. A 2 to 1 ratio as a Compressor with a threshold 5b below average level, and as a peak limiter with a 30 to 1 ratio with a threshold 10 db above normal program level. The unit can also be adjusted to operate anywhere between these two extremes.
Reliability and stability: all components operate well below their rated maximums, insuring, trouble-free performance, and guarantee of day-in-day-out performance results. Masters made one day can be duplicated months later and with the same control settings. Two models are available : the single channel monophonic version, model 660, or the versatile two-channel stereo version, model 670.
In addition, the Model 670 is designed for stereo level control problems specifically. The 670 on one chassis incorporates two independent limiters that will act on left and right channels or which will act on the lateral and vertical (sum and difference) components of the two stereo channels. This latter is accomplished by first bringing the two stereo channels through a matrixing network and then dividing them into their respective lateral and vertical components, limiting these lateral and vertical components and then combining through a second matrixing network into left and right channels again. Using this FAIRCHILD matrix limiter design, thousands upon thousands of stereo masters have been cut with maximum useable level and efficient use of available groove space, resulting in high level recordings with long playing times.This Limit-Matrix system of the 670 now finds the same importance in the new art of stereo broadcasting. No wonder that the FAIRCHILD limiters are used by the major labels and major recording services and quality conscious radio stations throughout the world.
INPUT IMPEDANCE: 600 ohms
a) 2 Input Gain controls: Step attenuator: 1 db per
MECHANICAL DIMENSIONS: Standard 19" rack, 14" panel
space, depth behind panel 11"
The model 660 is a single channel Fairchild Limiter. The above specifications apply with the following exceptions: no separation figure needed on the 660; all controls are single, not double as in 670; only half the number of vacuum tubes are used; and an additional 8 DB of gain is available in the 660.